What is a prosthodontist?
A Prosthodontist is a dentist who specializes in Prosthodontics, one of nine dental specialties recognized by the Canadian Dental Association (CDA).
Using biocompatible substitutes, Dr. Sharkas helps patients with clinical conditions related to missing teeth or other oral structures regain and maintain their oral function, comfort, appearance and health.
What types of treatments does prosthodontics include?
This field of dentistry focuses on the design, construction, and fitting of artificial replacements for teeth and other parts of the mouth and encompasses many different dental services, including cosmetic treatments, restorations, replacements, and treatment for temporomandibular disorders.
Our prosthodontist offers the following services:
- Dental Crowns
A dental crown is a hollow, artificial tooth that is used to cover a tooth that has lost significant structure due to damage or decay. It functions to restore the tooth and protect it from further damage.
- Dental Implants
Dental implants are tiny titanium rods that are surgically implanted into the jawbone to replace the root of a missing tooth.
- Tooth-Supported Overdentures
Tooth-supported overdentures are removable dentures that are placed over teeth or tooth roots that remain in the jaw. They can also be placed over dental implants.
Overdentures are a popular treatment modality for elderly patients who still have a few remaining teeth. The presence of the roots helps to preserve the alveolar ridge, provides sensory feedback, and improves the overall stability of the denture.
- Atraumatic Extractions
Traditional extractions are performed by wiggling the tooth back and forth to loosen it enough to remove it. While this method works, it can damage the bone and tissue surrounding the tooth.
In an atraumatic extraction, the dentist first carefully separates the tooth from the fibres that attach it to your mouth with a special instrument and then uses vertical force to lift the tooth up and out of the socket.
- Implant-Supported Dental Prosthesis
Dental implant prostheses are tooth replacements that are attached to implants that are surgically placed in the jawbone.
Dental prostheses that can be supported by an implant include overdentures, hybrid fixed detachable dentures, truly fixed implant prostheses, dental crowns, and dental bridges.
- Dental Veneers
A dental veneer is a very thin piece of material placed over a tooth to improve its appearance and protect it from damage. Veneers are usually made of either porcelain or composite materials.
- Operative Dentistry
Operative dentistry focuses primarily on restoring teeth from dental caries (tooth decay), trauma, and tooth wear. Typically treatment involves dental fillings, inlays and onlays, and results in the restoration of the proper form and function of the tooth.
- Bone Augmentation
A bone augmentation or bone graft is essentially a bone transplant. Bone material (either artificial or taken from elsewhere in your body) is grafted onto the jawbone to ensure that there is enough bone material present to support a dental implant.
- Internal Sinus Lift
A sinus lift sometimes called a sinus augmentation, is a type of bone augmentation that grafts bone to your upper jaw in the area of your molars and premolars.
Sinus lifts are often performed in preparation for a dental implant procedure, to ensure that there is enough bone present in the jaw to support the implant.
- Full Mouth Surgical Extractions
A full-mouth surgical extraction is the extraction of all the remaining teeth in the mouth to prepare them for dentures.
- Cleft Lip & Palate Restorations (adults only)
A cleft lip or palate restoration is a surgical procedure that repairs a cleft lip or palate to make it easier for the patient to eat and speak.
- Complete Denture & Removable Partial Dentures
- Impacted Third Molar Removal (select cases)
An impacted third molar removal is a surgical procedure whereby an impacted third molar, more commonly called a wisdom tooth, is extracted from the jaw.
- Complex Full Mouth Restorations
Complex full-mouth dental restorations are comprehensive dental treatment plans that include a variety of procedures performed either simultaneously or in complement to one another.
The full mouth restoration process usually takes place over weeks or months depending on the patient's needs.